My E-Library

Digital Libraries

  1. Academy of the Punjab in North America
  2. Afghanistan Digital Collections (University of Arizona) at DSpace
  3. Archaeological Survey of India
  4. Bibiodiversity Library
  5. BJP E-Library
  6. Directory of Open Access Books
  7. Digital Public Library of America
  8. Digital South Asia Library
  9. eBooks: India - Digital Book Index
  10. eGangotri - A Repository of Indological and Sanskritic Material
  11. E-PDF
  12. Gallica – The BnF digital library
  13. Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
  14. Ministry of Culture
  15. Internet Archive
  16. Internet Library of Early Journals
  17. JISC Journal Archives
  18. Kerala State Central Library - Rare Books
  19. Library Genesis
  20. National Digital Library of India (NDLI)
  21. National Library, Kolkata
  22. Naval Kishore Press - digital
  23. Open Access Theses and Dissertations
  24. Open Library (Internet Archive)
  25. Osmania University Digital Library
  26. Pahar - Journals
  27. PDF Download site
  28. Panjab Digital Library
  29. Persian Literature in Translation
  30. Rare Book Society of India
  31. Shodhganga - A Reservoir of Indian Theses
  32. ShodhGangotri - Repository of Indian Research in Progress details (Synopses/Research Proposals for PhD programme)
  33. South Asia Institute, University of Heidelberg
  34. University of Pennsylvania - Manuscripts of the Muslim World
  35. West Bengal State Central Library
  36. World Digital Library
  37. Z Library
  38. Zenodo

Online Database

  1. Early Indian periodicals (in English Language)
  2. Siddham: Online database of South Asian inscriptions
  3. National Mission for Manuscripts

Online Library Catalogues

  1. American Numismatic Society Library
  2. University of Oxford - Bodleian Libraries
  3. British Library
  4. University of Cambridge Libraries
  5. Library of Congress
  6. World Catalogue

Online Numismatic Resources

  1. Newman Numismatic Portal's Numismatic Dictionary
  2. NI Bulletin, 1966-2018
  3. Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin, 1947-88
  4. Digital Iconographic Atlas of Numismatics in Antiquity (DIANA)

Online Archival Search Portals


  1. The National Archives
  2. Adam Matthew Publications
  3. Empire online


  1. Archives Portal Europe


  1. Abhilekh-Patal - The National Archives of India
  2. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Papers - The National Archives of India
  3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Papers - The National Archives of India
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru - Nehru Memorial Museum and Library


  1. Perso-Indica
  2. Library of Congress

Online Collections

  1. Constituent Assembly Debates (Proceedings) - 9th December1946 to 24th January 1950
  2. Online Collections of Digitized Islamic Manuscripts
  3. Islamic Seals - currently offline [updated 26 May 2020]

Online Dictionary

Steingass - Persian-English

Online Resources -


Wikisource - The Free Library – is a Wikimedia Foundation project to create a growing free content library of source texts, as well as translations of source texts in any language.

British East India Company

Families in British India Society (FIBIS) - an encyclopaedia about life in British India

FIBIwiki - FIBIwiki is provided free of charge by FIBIS for the benefit of the Indian history research community. The information provided here provides research guidance and background information on the British era in India.

  1. Fibis Virtual's library
  2. Journal of the Families in British India Society
  3. Indian Civil Service
  4. Newspapers and Journals Online
  • Alexander's East India and Colonial
  • Allen's Indian Mail
  • Asiatic Annual Register
  • Asiatic Journal
  • Asiatic Review
  • Bengal Catholic Herald
  • Bengal, Past and Present, Journal of the Calcutta Historical Society
  • Bombay Quarterly Review
  • Calcutta Annual Register
  • Calcutta Christian Observer
  • Calcutta Gazette
  • Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register
  • Calcutta Monthly Journal
  • Calcutta Review
  • Colonial and Asiatic Review
  • Colonial Magazine and Commercial Maritime Journal
  • Gazette of India
  • Hicky's Bengal Gazette or The Original Calcutta General Advertiser
  • Indian News and Chronicle of Eastern Affairs
  • Madras Courier
  • Oriental Magazine, and Calcutta Review
  • Oriental Herald and Colonial Review
  • Parbury's Oriental Herald and Colonial Intelligencer
  • Pioneer Mail and Indian Weekly News
  • Quarterly Oriental Magazine, Review and Register

Other Resources:

  1. British East India Company: Salaries Paid to 'Clerks', 1760-1820 (EIC)
  2. East India Company at Home: Useful Websites
  3. Personal Records and the Index at the British Library (c.1794 - c.1841)

Personal Records and the Index are under reference O/6/1-20 at the O.I.O.Collection at the British Library in London and cover the period c.1794 - c.1841. The series consists of memoranda prepared at East India House, and cover a range of miscellaneous subjects including the services and character of individuals, memorials, complaints, claims, petitions, suggestions on administrative changes and expeditions. Alongside each entry there are the relevant Volume numbers. There are a number of ship's names included.

British Provinces

British colonial authorities ruled India with two administrative systems:
About 60% of territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and territories directly under British colonial administration, and 40% of the sub-continent were native Indian ("princely") States under direct treaty relations with British India.

Princely States of India:

The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British.

A to J
k to Z
Princely States (now in Pakistan)

Map of Indian Princely states (1934-1947)

Online Books/ Book Series


2. Cole, Henry Hardy, The Architecture of Ancient Delhi: Especially the buildings around the Kutb Minar, (The Arundel Society, London, 1872)

3. H.M. Elliot and John Dowson, History of India as told by its own Historians, vols. I-VIII (London, 1867-1877)

4. Fort William India House Correspondence and other contemporary papers relating thereto, 21 vols., (Manager of Publications, Delhi, [1949]-1985).
It is an in-extenso publication and covers the correspondence between the Court of Directors in London and the Fort William Council at Calcutta from 1748 to 1800 and published in 21 volumes. Edited by an eminent historian, each volume contains the text of the correspondence together with a comprehensive introduction, copious notes, select bibliography and an exhaustive index as well as a number of illustrations.

5. Atkinson, Edwin T, Statistical, Descriptive and Historical Account of the Northwestern Provinces of India, (Allahabad, 1874-1886).

6. Atkinson, Edwin T. Statistical descriptive and historical account of the Eta district. 1876 Read online

7. Phillimore, Col. R.H..Historical Records of the Survey of India, 5 vols., 1945-1968

8. Aitchison, Charles Umpherston (C.U.) A Collection Of Treaties, Engagements And Sanads Relating To India And Neighbouring Countries, 11 vols., 1892; revised edn. 1909 (Revised and continued up to the 1st June 1906); rep. 1929.

9. Calendar of Persian Correspondence: being letters, referring mainly to affairs in Bengal, which passed between some of the Company's servants and Indian rulers and notables, 11 vols., (Calcutta, 1911 +)

10. Epigraphia Indica - was the official publication of Archaeological Survey of India from 1892 to 1977. The first volume was edited by James Burgess in the year 1892. Between 1892 and 1920 it was published as a quarterly supplement to The Indian Antiquary. One part is brought out in each quarter year and eight parts make one volume of this periodical; so that one volume is released once in two years. 43 volumes of this journal have been published so far.

Vols. I to XXXVI are available online.

  • Vol. I (1882), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. II (1894), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. III (1894-95), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1979)
  • Vol. IV (1896-97), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1979)
  • Vol. V (1898-99), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. VI (1900-01), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. VII (1902-03), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. VIII (1905-06), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. IX (1907-08), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. X (1909-10), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XI (1911-12), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. XII (1913-14), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XIII (1915-16), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XIV (1917-18), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XV (1919-20), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XVI (1921-22), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XVII (1923-24), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XVIII, (1925-26), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XIX, (1927-28), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XX, (1929-30), ed., Hirananda Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XXI, (1931-32), ed., Hirananda Sastri (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXII, (1933-34), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXIII, (1935-36), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXIV, (1937-38), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXV, (1939-40), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVI, (1941-42), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVII, (1947-48), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra and N. Lakshaminarayan Rao (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVIII, (1949-50), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra and D.C. Sircar (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXIX, (1951-52), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXX, (1953-54), ed., N. Lakshminarayan Rao and D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXI, (1955-56), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXII, (1957-58), ed., D.C. Sircar and B. Ch. Chhabra (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXIII, (1959-60), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXIV, (1960-61), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXV, (1963-64), ed., D.C. Sircar and G.S. Gai (1966)
  • Vol. XXXVI, (1965-66), ed., D.C. Sircar, H. K. Narasimhaswami, and G.S. Gai (1970)
  • Vol. XXXVII, (1967-68), ed., G.S. Gai
  • Vol. XXXVIII, (1969-70), ed., G.S. Gai
  • Vol. XXXIX, (1971-73), ed., P. R. Srinivasan
  • Vol. XL, (1973-74), ed., K. G. Krishnan
  • Vol. XLI, (1975-76), ed., K.V. Ramesh (reprint 1989)
  • Vol. XLII, (1977-78), ed., K.V. Ramesh (reprint 1992)
  • Vol. XLIII, (2011-12), ed., K.V. Ramesh
  • Appendix to Epigraphia Indica Vol. XIX to XXIII ed. D.R. Bhandarkar
  • Article Index-Epigraphia Indica Vol. I – XXXIV (1888-1962), ed. D.C. Sircar

11. Indian Archaeology Review: 1953-54 to 2000-2001

Online Monsoon Registers (Documentos remetidos da India ou livros das monções) :10 Vols., Published by the Academy of Science in Lisbon between 1880 and 1893.

Directories online

A useful resource for Army Lists, Bengal Almanac, Bengal Directory, East-India Register & Directory, India List and India Office List, Thacker's Indian Directory, The Times of India Directory, Street's Indian and Colonial Mercantile Directory, Who's Who In India, Burma and Ceylon etc.

Online Journals

  1. Bengal Past and Present, 1907-55
  2. Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society - The complete collection of all the issues
    1. Old series 1841 to 1924
    2. New series 1925 - 2013
  3. Social Scientist - Monthly journal of the Indian School of Social Sciences, New Delhi, 1972-2001


  1. Bhagat Singh's Last Letter addressed to his brother, Kultar Singh. Lahore Jail, 3 March 1931.


Azizam Kultar!

Aaj tumhari aankhon mein aansu dekh kar bohat ranj hua, aaj tumhari baat mein bohat dard tha, tumharay aansu mujhse bardasht nahi hote. Barkhurdar! himmat se taleem hasil karte jana aur sehat ka khayal rakhna, hosla rakhna, Aur kya kahoon. [Shalur ?] tujhe kya kahun, suno:

Usy ye fikr hai hardam, naya tarz-i jafa kya hai,
Hamain ye shauq ke dekhein, sitam ki inteha kya hai.

Dehr se kyun khafa rahein, charkh ka kyun gila karein,
Tumhara jahan adu sahi, aao muqabla karein.

Koi dam ka mehmaan hun ae ahl-i mehfil,
Chirag-i sehar hun bhujha chahata hun.

Mere hawa mein rahegi khayal ki bijli,
Ye musht-i khak hai fani, rahe rahe na rahe.

Achha Rukhsat !

Khush raho Ehl-e-watan hum safar karty hain,

Hoslay se rehna,

Namaste. Tumhara Bhai
Bhagat Singh


My Dear Kultar

I was pained to see tears in your eyes today; today your talk was very painful; I cannot bear your tears; courageously you must continue your studies and also take care of your health; keep courage; what else should I say. [Shalur?] what should I say to you, listen:

He always ponders,
About newer modes of oppression;
I am desirous to see,
What is the height of torment.

Why should we be unhappy with the world,
Why should we complain of fate,
Let the whole world be an enemy,
Come let us confront it.

O fellow beings, I am here just for a little while more,
I am a morning lamp, just about to get extinguished.

In my breeze, there will always be the lightening of my thoughts,
This handful of dust is perishable, whether it live or lives not.

OK Adieu!

Be happy, O countrymen, for now I am leaving.

Live with courage.

Your brother,
Bhagat Singh

[Courtesy: Posted on 29 February 2016]

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