My E-Library

Digital Libraries

  1. Academy of the Punjab in North America
  2. Afghanistan Digital Collections (University of Arizona) at DSpace
  3. Amir ud-Daula Public Library, Lucknow
  4. Archaeological Survey of India
  5. Bibiodiversity Library
  6. BJP E-Library
  7. Center for Research Libraries - Digital Delivery System
  8. Digital Book Index
  9. Digital Library of India (Mirror Site)
  10. Digital Library of India - Catalogue
  11. Digital Public Library of America
  12. Digital South Asia Library
  13. Directory of Open Access Books
  14. Dokumen
  15. E-books Read
  16. eGangotri - A Repository of Indological and Sanskritic Material
  17. E-PDF
  18. E-Pustakalaya
  19. Gallica – The BnF digital library
  20. Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
  21. Gutenberg
  22. Ministry of Culture
  23. Internet Archive
  24. Internet Library of Early Journals
  25. JISC Journal Archives
  26. Kerala State Central Library - Rare Books
  27. Library Genesis
  28. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  29. Mughal Maps from c.1500 to c.1750
  30. National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language - Urdu E-Library
  31. National Digital Library of India (NDLI)
  32. National Library, Kolkata
  33. Naval Kishore Press - digital
  34. Noor Library
  35. On Read
  36. Open Access Theses and Dissertations
  37. Open Edition Books
  38. Open Library (Internet Archive)
  39. Osmania University Digital Library
  40. Pahar - Journals
  41. PDF Download site
  42. Panjab Digital Library
  43. Persian Literature in Translation
  44. Qatar Digital Library
  45. Rare Book Society of India
  46. Shodhganga - A Reservoir of Indian Theses
  47. ShodhGangotri - Repository of Indian Research in Progress details (Synopses/Research Proposals for PhD programme)
  48. South Asia Institute, University of Heidelberg
  49. South Asia Open Archives
  50. Tamil Digital Library
  51. University of Pennsylvania - Manuscripts of the Muslim World
  52. West Bengal Secretariat - Digital Library
  53. World Digital Library
  54. Z Library
  55. Zenodo

Curated Collections

  1. Bharat Ek Khoj: Library of books, audio, video, and other materials from and about India

Online Database

  1. Early Indian periodicals (in English Language)
  2. Siddham: Online database of South Asian inscriptions
  3. SAMHiTA - South Asian Manuscript Histories and Textual Archive
  4. National Mission for Manuscripts
  5. Islamic Painted Page - a huge free database of Persian, Ottoman, Arab and Mughal paintings, illuminations etc.
  6. Thesaurus d'Epigraphie (Islamique Thesaurus of Islamic Epigraphy)
  7. Who Was Who of Indian Studies
  8. Ideas of India - Database of Early Indian Journals

Online Library Catalogues

  1. American Numismatic Society Library
  2. University of Oxford - Bodleian Libraries
  3. British Library
  4. University of Cambridge Libraries
  5. Library of Congress
  6. World Catalogue

Online Numismatic Resources

  1. Chiefa Coins - India
  2. Newman Numismatic Portal's Numismatic Dictionary
  3. NI Bulletin, 1966-2020
  4. Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin, 1947-88
  5. Digital Iconographic Atlas of Numismatics in Antiquity (DIANA)
  6. American Numismatic Society Coin Collection
  7. Zeno
  8. Paul Stevens- Coins of India
  9. Qatar Museum's Online Coin Interface

Online Archival Search Portals


  1. The National Archives
  2. Adam Matthew Publications
  3. Empire online


  1. Archives Portal Europe


  1. National Archives of India - Abhilekh-Patal
  2. Indian Memory Project
  3. National Archives of India - Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Papers
  4. National Archives of India - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Papers
  5. Delhi State Archives - E-Abhilekh Portal
  6. Nehru Memorial Museum and Library - Jawaharlal Nehru Papers
  7. Bihar State Archives - Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Documents
  8. Rajasthan State Archives - Online Search Portal
  9. U P State Archives - Online Publications
  10. West Bengal State Archives - Consolidated Indices of the holdings of State Archives (1860-1947)


  1. Fihrisht: Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World
  2. Noor Microfilm Centre
  3. Perso-Indica
  4. Library of Congress
  5. Lawforms: Digitised Legal Documents from the Indo-Persian World

Indian Scripts

  1. Sanskrit Reader - Electronic Resources for studying Sanskrit and other Indian languages

Online Collections

  1. Constituent Assembly Debates (Proceedings) - 9 Dec 1946 to 24 Jan 1950
  2. Online Collections of Digitized Islamic Manuscripts
  3. Islamic Seals - currently offline [updated 30 Sept 2023]
  4. SP Lohia Digital Collection
  5. Khalili Collection

Online Dictionary

Steingass - Persian-English

Online Resources -


Wikisource - The Free Library – is a Wikimedia Foundation project to create a growing free content library of source texts, as well as translations of source texts in any language.

British East India Company

Families in British India Society (FIBIS) - an encyclopaedia about life in British India

FIBIwiki - FIBIwiki is provided free of charge by FIBIS for the benefit of the Indian history research community. The information provided here provides research guidance and background information on the British era in India.

  1. Alexander's East India and Colonial Magazine
  2. Allen's Indian Mail
  3. Asiatic Annual Register
  4. Asiatic Journal
  5. Asiatic Review
  6. Bangalore Spectator
  7. Bengal Catholic Herald
  8. Bengal Hurkaru
  9. Bengal, Past and Present, Journal of the Calcutta Historical Society
  10. Bombay Gazette
  11. Bombay Newspapers
  12. Bombay Quarterly Review
  13. Calcutta Annual Register
  14. Calcutta Christian Observer
  15. Calcutta Gazette
  16. Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register
  17. Calcutta Monthly Journal
  18. Calcutta Review
  19. Civil and Military Gazette [Lahore]
  20. Colonial and Asiatic Review
  21. Colonial Magazine and Commercial Maritime Journal
  22. Colonies and India
  23. Englishman's Overland Mail
  24. Friend of India and Statesman
  25. Gazette of India
  26. Gazettes of India Collection on the Internet Archive (
  27. Hicky's Bengal Gazette or The Original Calcutta General Advertiser
  28. Home News for India, China and the Colonies
  29. Homeward Mail from India, China and the East
  30. India
  31. Indian Daily News
  32. Indian News and Chronicle of Eastern Affairs
  33. Indian Statesman
  34. Lloyd’s List
  35. London and China Express
  36. London & China Herald
  37. London and China Telegraph
  38. Madras Courier
  39. [Madras] Government Gazette
  40. Madras Weekly Mail
  41. Naval & Military Gazette and East India and Colonial Chronicle
  42. Oriental Magazine, and Calcutta Review
  43. Oriental Herald and Colonial Review
  44. Parbury's Oriental Herald and Colonial Intelligencer
  45. Pioneer Mail and Indian Weekly News
  46. Quarterly Oriental Magazine, Review and Register
  47. Report on native papers
  48. The Times of India
  49. Thacker's Overland News for India and the Colonies

Other Resources:

  1. British East India Company: Salaries Paid to 'Clerks', 1760-1820 (EIC)
  2. East India Company at Home: Useful Websites
  3. Personal Records and the Index at the British Library (c.1794 - c.1841)

Personal Records and the Index are under reference O/6/1-20 at the O.I.O.Collection at the British Library in London and cover the period c.1794 - c.1841. The series consists of memoranda prepared at East India House, and cover a range of miscellaneous subjects including the services and character of individuals, memorials, complaints, claims, petitions, suggestions on administrative changes and expeditions. Alongside each entry there are the relevant Volume numbers. There are a number of ship's names included.

British Provinces

British colonial authorities ruled India with two administrative systems:
About 60% of territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and territories directly under British colonial administration, and 40% of the sub-continent were native Indian ("princely") States under direct treaty relations with British India.

Princely States of India:

The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British.

A to J
k to Z
Princely States (now in Pakistan)

Map of Indian Princely states (1934-1947)

Online Books/ Book Series


2. Cole, Henry Hardy, The Architecture of Ancient Delhi: Especially the buildings around the Kutb Minar, (The Arundel Society, London, 1872)

3. H.M. Elliot and John Dowson, History of India as told by its own Historians, vols. I-VIII (London, 1867-1877)

Note: Please also see a critical commentary on Elliot & Dowson by S.H. Hodivala:
Studies in Indo-Muslim History: A Critical Commentary on Elliot and Dowson's History of India as told by its own Historians & Yule and Burnell's Hobson-Jobson, 2 vols., Edited by Sanjay Garg. Published by Manohar Publishers and Distributors (New Delhi, 2018).

4. Fort William India House Correspondence and other contemporary papers relating thereto, 21 vols., (Manager of Publications, Delhi, [1949]-1985).
It is an in-extenso publication and covers the correspondence between the Court of Directors in London and the Fort William Council at Calcutta from 1748 to 1800 and published in 21 volumes. Edited by an eminent historian, each volume contains the text of the correspondence together with a comprehensive introduction, copious notes, select bibliography and an exhaustive index as well as a number of illustrations.

5. Atkinson, Edwin T, Statistical, Descriptive and Historical Account of the Northwestern Provinces of India, (Allahabad, 1874-1886).

6. Atkinson, Edwin T. Statistical descriptive and historical account of the Eta district. 1876 Read online

7. Phillimore, Col. R.H..Historical Records of the Survey of India, 5 vols., 1945-1968

8. Aitchison, Charles Umpherston (C.U.) A Collection Of Treaties, Engagements And Sanads Relating To India And Neighbouring Countries, 11 vols., 1892; revised edn. 1909 (Revised and continued up to the 1st June 1906); rep. 1929.

9. Calendar of Persian Correspondence: being letters, referring mainly to affairs in Bengal, which passed between some of the Company's servants and Indian rulers and notables, 11 vols., (Calcutta, 1911 +)

10. Epigraphia Indica - was the official publication of Archaeological Survey of India from 1892 to 1977. The first volume was edited by James Burgess in the year 1892. Between 1892 and 1920 it was published as a quarterly supplement to The Indian Antiquary. One part is brought out in each quarter year and eight parts make one volume of this periodical; so that one volume is released once in two years. 43 volumes of this journal have been published so far.

Vols. I to XXXVI are available online.

  • Vol. I (1882), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. II (1894), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. III (1894-95), ed., Jas Burgess (reprint 1979)
  • Vol. IV (1896-97), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1979)
  • Vol. V (1898-99), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. VI (1900-01), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. VII (1902-03), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. VIII (1905-06), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. IX (1907-08), ed., E. Hultzsch (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. X (1909-10), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XI (1911-12), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1981)
  • Vol. XII (1913-14), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XIII (1915-16), ed., Sten Konow (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XIV (1917-18), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XV (1919-20), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1982)
  • Vol. XVI (1921-22), ed., F.W. Thomas (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XVII (1923-24), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XVIII, (1925-26), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XIX, (1927-28), ed., Rao Bahadur H. Krishna Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XX, (1929-30), ed., Hirananda Sastri (reprint 1983)
  • Vol. XXI, (1931-32), ed., Hirananda Sastri (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXII, (1933-34), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXIII, (1935-36), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXIV, (1937-38), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1984)
  • Vol. XXV, (1939-40), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVI, (1941-42), ed., N.P. Chakravarti (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVII, (1947-48), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra and N. Lakshaminarayan Rao (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXVIII, (1949-50), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra and D.C. Sircar (reprint 1985)
  • Vol. XXIX, (1951-52), ed., B.Ch. Chhabra (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXX, (1953-54), ed., N. Lakshminarayan Rao and D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXI, (1955-56), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXII, (1957-58), ed., D.C. Sircar and B. Ch. Chhabra (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXIII, (1959-60), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXIV, (1960-61), ed., D.C. Sircar (reprint 1987)
  • Vol. XXXV, (1963-64), ed., D.C. Sircar and G.S. Gai (1966)
  • Vol. XXXVI, (1965-66), ed., D.C. Sircar, H. K. Narasimhaswami, and G.S. Gai (1970)
  • Vol. XXXVII, (1967-68), ed., G.S. Gai
  • Vol. XXXVIII, (1969-70), ed., G.S. Gai
  • Vol. XXXIX, (1971-73), ed., P. R. Srinivasan
  • Vol. XL, (1973-74), ed., K. G. Krishnan
  • Vol. XLI, (1975-76), ed., K.V. Ramesh (reprint 1989)
  • Vol. XLII, (1977-78), ed., K.V. Ramesh (reprint 1992)
  • Vol. XLIII, (2011-12), ed., K.V. Ramesh
  • Appendix to Epigraphia Indica Vol. XIX to XXIII ed. D.R. Bhandarkar
  • Article Index-Epigraphia Indica Vol. I – XXXIV (1888-1962), ed. D.C. Sircar

Arabic and Persian Supplement
The ASI also published an Arabic and Persian supplement from 1907 to 1977. While the first volume in 1907 was edited by E. Denison Ross of Calcutta Madrassa and the second and third volumes by Josef Horovitz, subsequent volumes have been edited by Ghulam Yazdani (1913–40), Maulvi M. Ashraf Hussain (1949–53) and Z. A. Desai (1953–77). Since 1946, the volumes have been edited by an Assistant Superintendent for Arabic and Persian Inscriptions, a special post created by the Government of India for the purpose.

Epigraphia Indica Arabic and Persian Supplement:

1907-12, ed., E. Denison Ross (1987)
1913-20, ed., G. Yazdani (1987)
1921-30, ed., G. Yazdani (1987)
1931-36, ed., G. Yazdani (1987)
1937-50, ed., G. Yazdani (1987)
1951-54, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1955-58, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1959-61, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1962-63, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1964-65, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1966-67, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1968-69, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1970-71, ed., Z.A. Desai (1987)
1976, ed., N.M. Ganam (2003)
1977, ed, N.M. Ganam (2000)
2011, ed. G.S. Khwaja (2011)

11. Indian Archaeology Review: 1953-54 to 2000-2001

12. The Oxford History of India by Vincent A. Smith (The Clarendon Press, New York, 1923)

13. East India Company: Online books

Online Monsoon Registers (Documentos remetidos da India ou livros das monções) :10 Vols., Published by the Academy of Science in Lisbon between 1880 and 1893.

Directories online

A useful resource for Army Lists, Bengal Almanac, Bengal Directory, East-India Register & Directory, India List and India Office List, Thacker's Indian Directory, The Times of India Directory, Street's Indian and Colonial Mercantile Directory, Who's Who In India, Burma and Ceylon etc.

Online Journals

  1. Bengal Past and Present, 1907-55
  2. Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society - The complete collection of all the issues
    1. Old series 1841 to 1924
    2. New series 1925 - 2013
  3. Social Scientist - Monthly journal of the Indian School of Social Sciences, New Delhi, 1972-2001


Mughal Documents:

  1. Law Forms - Mughal Legal Documents
  1. Bhagat Singh's Last Letter addressed to his brother, Kultar Singh. Lahore Jail, 3 March 1931.


Azizam Kultar!

Aaj tumhari aankhon mein aansu dekh kar bohat ranj hua, aaj tumhari baat mein bohat dard tha, tumharay aansu mujhse bardasht nahi hote. Barkhurdar! himmat se taleem hasil karte jana aur sehat ka khayal rakhna, hosla rakhna, Aur kya kahoon. [Shalur ?] tujhe kya kahun, suno:

Usy ye fikr hai hardam, naya tarz-i jafa kya hai,
Hamain ye shauq ke dekhein, sitam ki inteha kya hai.

Dehr se kyun khafa rahein, charkh ka kyun gila karein,
Tumhara jahan adu sahi, aao muqabla karein.

Koi dam ka mehmaan hun ae ahl-i mehfil,
Chirag-i sehar hun bhujha chahata hun.

Mere hawa mein rahegi khayal ki bijli,
Ye musht-i khak hai fani, rahe rahe na rahe.

Achha Rukhsat !

Khush raho Ehl-e-watan hum safar karty hain,

Hoslay se rehna,

Namaste. Tumhara Bhai
Bhagat Singh


My Dear Kultar

I was pained to see tears in your eyes today; today your talk was very painful; I cannot bear your tears; courageously you must continue your studies and also take care of your health; keep courage; what else should I say. [Shalur?] what should I say to you, listen:

He always ponders,
About newer modes of oppression;
I am desirous to see,
What is the height of torment.

Why should we be unhappy with the world,
Why should we complain of fate,
Let the whole world be an enemy,
Come let us confront it.

O fellow beings, I am here just for a little while more,
I am a morning lamp, just about to get extinguished.

In my breeze, there will always be the lightening of my thoughts,
This handful of dust is perishable, whether it live or lives not.

OK Adieu!

Be happy, O countrymen, for now I am leaving.

Live with courage.

Your brother,
Bhagat Singh

[Courtesy: Posted on 29 February 2016]

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